Discrimination in everyday language describes the unjustified disadvantageous distinction between individual people or groups. A person or group receives less favorable treatment in a similar situation than another person or group in the same situation would.
This idea corresponds with the legal concept of discrimination. Discrimination is prohibited in many areas: the principle of equality applies. This is regulated by numerous Austrian laws as well as the European law.
The work environment is the area of life in which people experience most inequalities: Every fifth respondent states to have felt discriminated against either in accessing work or on the job itself. Expressed in numbers, that is approximately 1.2 million people in Austria.
The most cited reasons are: Disadvantages concerning income, disadvantages concerning promotions or job placement, disadvantages concerning raises.
Disadvantaged employees become more skeptical, suffer from this burden or even get sick (13%). Aside from declining work performances and more sick leaves, organizations in which discrimination occurs must expect increased staff turnover. A work environment with equal opportunities for all employees definitely pays off.